When did Banaras name changed to Varanasi?

Since ancient times, Banaras has been one of the most important cities in the Indian region. It is known for its spiritual environment and grand festivals. Varanasi holds immense importance in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. It has been a centre of learning and philosophical discourse for thousands of years, attracting scholars, seekers, and pilgrims from all corners of the world. However, many people are unaware that the city has undergone several name changes throughout its history. The very old name of this city that is mentioned in ancient books is Kashi. Then after certain changes the city is now known as Varanasi. So, come let’s have a look at the transformation of this incredible city.

Transformation of Banaras to Varanasi

In 1910, the British renamed the city that had previously been known as Banaras as Varanasi. However, on May 24, 1956, Banaras was officially renamed Varanasi, making it one of the cities in the world with the longest history of continuous human habitation. When Dr. Sampurnanand became the second Chief Minister of UP, he changed the name of the district Banaras to Varanasi and also he oversaw the renaming of the Banaras Cant railway station to the Varanasi Junction station.

The name “Varanasi” comes from merging the names of two rivers ‘Varuna’ and ‘Assi’ that are tributaries of the Ganges and that are located on the city’s northern and southern boundaries, respectively. By changing the name of Banaras to Varanasi, the city’s spiritual and intellectual nature was emphasized, showing how it is a mix of many different spiritual and philosophical ideas. The name ‘Varanasi’ helped the city become known around the world.